Ode to Pneumoconiosis
Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disorder
It is caused by inhalation of dust or carbon or silica.
Chest X-ray may show a characteristic patchy, interstitial infiltration
There may be small cystic radiolucencies called honeycombing reaction
There is tightness of chest and difficulty in breathing
There is also presence of cough, rhonchi and wheezing
X-rays of the chest may show cancer and obstructive lung disease
These complications usually occur in the workers of an older age
Treatment involves bronchodilators, steroids and physiotherapy
Complete removal from dust exposure remains the most effective therapy
There is the likelihood of formation of chronic lung emphysema
There is also increased risk of cancer of the lungs and mesothelioma
-An original poem by Kenneth Kee
Interesting Tips about the Pneumoconiosis
A Healthy Lifestyle
1. Take a well Balanced Diet
2. Treatment involves:
a. Giving bronchodilators, steroids
c. Removal from exposures in the workplace.
d. In some cases the workers are given a change of jobs to avoid the offending chemical irritant.
Complete removal from further exposure remains the most effective treatment of occupational lung disease.
e. Workers with silicosis should be followed up with chest x-rays to exclude tuberculosis especially those with cough.
The diseased lung may progress to chronic obstructive lung disease with tuberculosis and pulmonary infection.
There is increased risk of cancer of the lungs and Mesothelioma.
Prevention is avoiding the use of asbestosis and coal mining
The worker should avoid smoking
The workers should wear protective clothing and masks
3. Keep bones and body strong
Bone marrow produces our blood
Eat foods rich in calcium like yogurt, cheese, milk and dark green vegetables.
Eat foods rich in Vitamin D, like eggs, fatty fish, cereal, and fortified milk.
Eat food rich in Vitamins B and C such as green vegetables and fruits
Zinc and other minerals are important to the body
4. Get enough rest and Sleep
Avoid stress and tension
5. Exercise and stay active.
It is best to do weight-bearing exercise such as walking, jogging, stair climbing, dancing, or lifting weights for 2½ hours a week.
One way to do this is to be active 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week.
Begin slowly especially if a person has not been active.
6. Do not drink more than 2 alcohol drinks a day for a man or 1 alcohol drink a day for a woman.
Alcohol can affect the neurons and brain cells.
7. Stop or do not begin smoking.
It also interferes with blood supply and healing.
Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disorder caused by or aggravated by inhalation of dust or silica.
Pneumoconiosis is a group of interstitial lung diseases which is caused by the inhalation of certain dusts and the lung tissue’s reaction to the dust.
The main cause of the pneumoconioses is work-place exposure.
Eenvironmental exposures have rarely given rise to these diseases.
The primary pneumoconioses are:
c. coal workers’ pneumoconiosis.
They are caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers, silica dust, and coal mine dust.
Other causes of Pneumoconiosis are:
a. Fibrosis of lung
b. Hypersensitivity of the lungs
f. Metals like Iron, bauxite,
g. Vegetables like sugar cane,
h. Plants like cotton
i. Actincomycetes, a fungal infection of the lungs
The most common lung disorders are asthma, silicosis and mesothelioma.
Acute presentations may include:
3. Tightness of chest
4. Shortness of breath
Physical examination of the lungs may reveal:
1. Crepitations in the lungs
2. Rhonchi or wheezing
3. Hyper-resonance of the lungs
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